image description

Growth on an International Scale

Russian Railways is considering diversification of freight traffic in communication with Asian countries

image description

In the conditions of the turn of freight traffic to the East there is a growing demand for railway shipments in communication with China and other countries of the Asian-Pacific region, as well as with Turkey and along the North-South corridor, connecting Russia with the states of the Caspian basin, the Persian Gulf, and Central, South and South-East Asia. Russia's Ministry of Transport jointly with Russian Railways forecasts further growth of freight traffic in these corridors. This was announced by Russian Railways’ First Deputy General Director Sergei Pavlov in the margins of the Transport Week forum.

To ensure the transportation of potential cargo volumes, work is currently under way to modernize the infrastructure and eliminate bottlenecks on the most heavily-trafficked routes. The border infrastructure is being developed, and digital and logistic solutions are being introduced to contribute to higher competitiveness of the railway transport.

During the plenary discussion on international transport cooperation in 2022, Sergei Pavlov noted the growth of transportation across several directions at once - the Eastern direction (in communication with China, APR countries), through the Azov-Black Sea basin and along the North-South international transport corridor (ITC).
Persistent efforts are being made in close cooperation with the relevant agencies and under coordination of the Government of the Russian Federation. 
“A definite procedure for measures to increase the cargo flow has been identified”, says Russian Railways’ first deputy CEO.
Thus, in January-October of the current year the traffic volume to China increased by 18%. Russian Railways is upgrading the Baikal-Amur and Trans-Siberian railways to ensure the export of this volume. Carriage capacity of 144 mln tons has been achieved, and there are plans to reach 158 mln tons by the end of this year.
According to Sergei Pavlov, the possibility of diversifying cargo flows in communication with Asian countries, including through Kazakhstan and Mongolia, is under consideration. For this purpose, it is planned to increase the capacity of Naushki border crossing point (between Russia and Mongolia) by 1.5 times to 15 million tons by 2025.
In the 10 months of 2022 traffic growth was also recorded in the direction of Turkey through the Azov-Black Sea basin and reached 23% (over 25 million tons). 
Particular attention at the meeting was paid to the prospects of the North-South corridor (link to the article: According to Russian Railways, in January-October of the current year the cargo traffic on all the three routes of the transport corridor grew by 60% 
This performance is due, inter alia, to the introduction of modern technologies and transition to round-the-clock operations of Derbent checkpoint (western branch of the corridor). While in May the traffic in communication with Azerbaijan was five pairs of trains, today it is ten pairs.

Anna Yakusheva

Read next content